Deutsche Bahn

Basic logic of TPS 2018

The TPS 2018 will herald the introduction of a new charge-based logic that is oriented more extensively to demand.


In 1994, DB Netz AG became the first RIU in Europe to introduce a train path pricing system for using the rail infrastructure. In 2001, this was followed by a modular train path pricing system ("TPS 2001") that has remained in existence up to the 2017 working timetable as a result of its non-discriminatory and transparent price structure. DB Netz AG has further developed its train path pricing system due to the new legal specifications of EU Directive 2012/34 and the German Railway Regulation Act (ERegG) which came into effect in September 2016. This will be introduced along with the timetable change in December 2017.

Basic logic of the TPS 2018

With the newly developed "TPS 2018", DB Netz AG has unveiled a new charge-based logic. Whereas the "TPS 2001" placed its focus on the infrastructure equipment of the respective route to calculate charges, the "TPS 2018" focuses on which train travels along that route.
The initial question for the price structure is the market segment to which a train can be assigned. The first pricing component is then calculated accordingly ─ the direct costs caused by a train movement.

As these costs only make up a small percentage of the total costs of providing the railway infrastructure, however, the legislation entitles DB Netz AG to levy surcharges to cover the remainder of the costs. To this end, a distinction must be made according to traffic types or according to market segments within the traffic types, and the relative load capacity of these individual markets must be taken into consideration.

Surcharges and discounts can also be used, for example, to act as incentives that promote the generation of additional traffic as well as account for the burden to the environment as a result of train operation and the effects caused by overloaded railway infrastructure.

Overview of TPS 2018

Überblick TPS 2018  PDF | 804.8 KB