Deutsche Bahn

Long-distance rail passenger transport market segments

In long-distance rail passenger transport, six market segments ensure a market-oriented price structure. It is also possible to supplement some of these segments with the operational characteristic "Express".



Long-distance rail passenger transport (SPFV)

Long-distance rail passenger transport includes all train paths that are used for passenger transport and are not part of regional and local rail passenger transport services. All "charter/nostalgia services" market segment train paths are additionally assigned to long-distance rail passenger transport.

The "Metro day" market segment includes all long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages that run between at least two metropolitan stations and/or high-volume border points and run from Monday to Friday with the exception of national holidays in the period from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. as well as from Saturday to Sunday and on national holidays in the period from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m.

The "Basic" market segment includes all long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages that either do not run between two metropolitan stations and/or high-volume border points and run from Monday to Sunday including national holidays in the period from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m.,
or
that run as long-distance rail passenger transport trains from Monday to Sunday including national holidays in the period from 8 p.m. to 11 p.m. as well as on Saturdays and Sundays and national holidays in the period from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m.

With the exception of charter and nostalgia services (see below), the "Night" market segment includes – all long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages that run in the period between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. 

"Charter services" include all long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages in ad hoc services that are offered for a specific, common purpose for all participants. Intermediate stops are only carried out so that travellers can enter or exit the train, or so that the engine driver can take a rest break or a staff changeover can take place. This does not involve a charter service if the route is served by the Access Party more than 30 times during the working timetable period.
"Nostalgia services" are long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages in the ad hoc service segment with historic
vehicles, e.g. steam locomotives.

The "Point-to-point services" market segment includes all long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages in the working timetable and ad hoc services that run between 6 a.m. and 11 p.m. under the following conditions:
* No ordered connections at any of the passenger services stops served
* Granting of temporal design tolerance flexibility of +/- 30 minutes in relation to the departure and arrival time, i.e. total design tolerance of 60 minutes
* If the service runs between two metropolitan stations, it may only travel at an average speed of less than 130 kph as per the timetable.
* No more than 4 service runs may be registered for each day of service and direction in every stopping section ordered.

The "Locomotive/empty run" market segment includes all long-distance rail passenger transport train path usages that are not approved for use by passengers (not a load run).

The suffix "Express" can be selected for the market segments of "Metro day", "Basic", "Night service" and "Locomotive/empty run" in the working timetable and ad hoc services, thus ensuring their special operational treatment in the event of an incident. Trains in the market segments with this suffix are always given priority in operations overall all trains with the exception of urgent rescue trains and other long-distance rail passenger transport trains with the suffix "Express".

Detailed information on the market segments in long-distance rail passenger transport can be found in Chapter 6 of the Network Statement 2018.